Chromium Picolinate is a nutritional supplement that works to regulate insulin production to optimum levels. The mineral Chromium is used by the body to stimulate the production of insulin although the exact mechanism is still unclear. About 90% of US adults do not receive enough Chromium from food. In addition, a high-sugar diet can increase the excretion of Chromium leading to obesity and diabetes. Some experts believe that widespread chromium deficiency has contributed to the surge of Type II diabetes in the United States. Chromium Picolinate has also been touted as a fat burning weight loss cure although scientific evidence supporting this claim is limited.